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Sign In With Coinbase API Key Authentication

API Key authentication should only be used to access your own account. To securely access the accounts of other Coinbase users, use Sign in with Coinbase (OAuth2)


Use Sign in with Coinbase (OAuth2) to securely access other Coinbase users' accounts.

Signing Requests

API key authentication requires each request to be signed (as an enhanced security measure).

Generating an API Key

You can create and activate new API keys in your API settings. Your API keys should be assigned to access only accounts and permission scopes that are necessary for your app to function.

Making a Request

All REST requests must contain the following headers:

  • CB-ACCESS-KEY API key as a string
  • CB-ACCESS-SIGN Message signature (see below)
  • CB-ACCESS-TIMESTAMP Timestamp for your request

All request bodies should have content type application/json and be valid JSON.

Example request:

curl \
--header "CB-ACCESS-KEY: <your api key>" \
--header "CB-ACCESS-SIGN: <the user generated message signature>" \
--header "CB-ACCESS-TIMESTAMP: <a timestamp for your request>"

Selecting a Timestamp

The CB-ACCESS-TIMESTAMP header MUST be number of seconds since Unix Epoch in UTC.

Your timestamp must be within 30 seconds of the API service time, or your request will be considered expired and rejected. If you think there is a time skew between your server and the API servers, use the time API endpoint to query for the API server time.

Creating a Signature

The CB-ACCESS-SIGN header is generated by creating a sha256 HMAC using the secret key on the prehash string timestamp + method + requestPath + body (where + represents string concatenation).

  • timestamp is the same as the X-CB-ACCESS-TIMESTAMP header.

  • method should be UPPER CASE.

  • requestPath is the full path and query parameters of the URL, e.g.: /v2/exchange-rates?currency=USD.

  • body is the request body string. It is omitted if there is no request body (typically for GET requests).

Signature Examples

The following examples demonstrate how to generate a signature:

# Requires python-requests. Install with pip or easy-install
## Install with pip: pip install requests
## Install with easy-install: easy_install requests

import json, hmac, hashlib, time, requests
from requests.auth import AuthBase

# Before implementation, set environmental variables with the names API_KEY and API_SECRET

# Create custom authentication for Coinbase API
class CoinbaseWalletAuth(AuthBase):
def __init__(self, api_key, secret_key):
self.api_key = api_key
self.secret_key = secret_key

def __call__(self, request):
timestamp = str(int(time.time()))
message = timestamp + request.method + request.path_url + (request.body or '')
signature =, message.encode(), hashlib.sha256).hexdigest()

'CB-ACCESS-SIGN': signature,
'CB-ACCESS-KEY': self.api_key,
return request

api_url = ''
auth = CoinbaseWalletAuth(API_KEY, API_SECRET)

# Get current user
r = requests.get(api_url + 'user', auth=auth)
print r.json()
# {u'data': {u'username': None, u'resource': u'user', u'name': u'User'...

# Send funds
tx = {
'type': 'send',
'to': '',
'amount': '10.0',
'currency': 'USD',
r = + 'accounts/primary/transactions', json=tx, auth=auth)
print r.json()
# {u'data': {u'status': u'pending', u'amount': {u'currency': u'BTC'...

Security Best Practices

Storing Credentials Securely

Store your credentials securely. If someone obtains your api_secret with the wallet:transactions:send permission, they will be able to send all the digital currency out of your account.

Avoid storing API keys in your code base (which gets added to version control). The recommended best practice is to store them in environment variables. Learn more about environment variables here. Separating credentials from your code base and database is always good practice.

API Key access is turned off by default on all accounts. To implement an API Key integration, you therefore must first enable it,and then take necessary precautions to store the API Key securely. You can always regenerate your API Key (or disable it) if you feel it has been compromised.

Validating SSL Certificates

It is also very important that your application validates our SSL certificate when it connects over https. This helps prevent a man in the middle attack. If you are using a client library, this may be turned on by default, but you should confirm this. Whenever you see 'verify SSL' you should always ensure it is set to true.

Additional Security for API Keys

For enhanced API Key security, we recommend that you whitelist IP addresses that are permitted to make requests with a particular API Key.

You can specify IP addresses to whitelist when creating a new API Key or editing an existing one.

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